Some Tourist Attractions in Ethiopia
Addis Ababa is the capital of Ethipia. It is at an elevation of 2,400m ASL. This city is built during the time of Menelik II in 1887. It got its name from Empress Taitu, which can be translated to ‘New Flower’ in English. Some facts about Addis Ababa are: world’s third highest city, three million residents, hosts a large number of international offices including Africa Union.
Bahir Dar lies 560km from Addis Ababa. It is one of Ethiopia’s developing cities, which is situated on the southern part of Lake Tana. There are two routes to Bahir Dar from Addis Ababa. Each provides with a different experience.
This park is a site for the second tallest mountain in Ethiopia at 4,377m ASL - Tullu Dimtu. From Addis Ababa to Goba, From Addis Ababa to Bale Mountains NP or there are also alternative routes to this destination.
Axum was the capital city of the kingdom of Axum, a mighty naval and trading power . Axum was a naval and trading power that ruled the region from ca. 400 BC into the 10th century.
The major Aksumite monuments in the town are stelae; the largest number lie in the Northern Stelae Park, ranging up to the 33-metre. The tallest standing is the 24-metre Another stelae removed by the Italian army was returned to Ethiopia in 2005 and reinstalled July 31 2008 .
The Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion in Aksum houses the Biblical Ark of the Covenant in which lies the Tablets of Law upon which the Ten Commandments are inscribed. This same church was the site Ethiopian emperors were crowned for centuries until the reign of Fasilides, then again beginning with Yohannes IV until the end of the empire. Axum is considered to be the holiest city in Ethiopia and is an important destination of pilgrimages. Significant religious festivals are the Timket Festival (known as the Epiphany in western Christianity) on 7 January and the Festival of Maryam Zion in late November.
Other features of the town include St Mary of Zion church, built in 1665 and said to contain the Ark of the Covenant, archaeological and ethnographic museums, the Ezana Stone written in Sabaean, Ge’ez and Ancient Greek in a similar manner to the Rosetta Stone, King Bazen’s Tomb & other monasteries of fourth to six centuries. Due to theirhistorical value, in 1980 UNESCO added Aksum’s archaeological sites to its list of World Heritage Sites.
Danakil (Afar) Depression
The Danakil (Afar) Depression; is a geological depression near the Horn of Africa, in the northern Ethiopia, One of mostly geologically active. Afar is well known as one of the cradles of hominids, containing the Middle Awash, site of many fossil hominid discoveries; Gona, site of the world’s oldest stone tools; and Hadar, site of Lucy, the fossilized specimen of Australopithecus afarensis. The Afar Depression includes the Danakil Desert and the lowest point in Africa, Lake Asal (–155 meters or –500 ft).
Dallol is also part of the Depression, one of the hottest places year-round anywhere on Earth. Temperatures reached up to an all-time high of 64.4°C (148.0°F) in the 1930’s. The area is one of the hottest places on earth.
The Afar Depression is one of two places on Earth where a mid-ocean ridge can be studied on land, the other being Iceland.
One of Earth’s great active volcanoes the 613 metres tall Erta Ale, is found here. It is the most active shield volcano in the Afar Region of northeastern Ethiopia. The volcano itself is surrounded completely by an area below sea level.
Erta Ale is, with a lava lake, one of only five in the world, at the summit. It is notable for being the longest existing lava lake, present since the early years of the twentieth century. The name of the volcano means “smoking mountain” in the local Afar language and its southerly pit is known locally as “the gateway to hell”